Here is pretty good news for tiger lovers and wildlife conservationists. The population of big elusive cats has increased in India from 1,706 in 2011 to 2,226 in 2014. What we had observed in the previous few years, a rise in poaching activities has emerged as a serious threat to endangered species, compelling the government as well as reputed private companies to join their hands and come up with some strict measures to stop the prevailing trend. The population had dipped to an alarming 1,411 in 2006 but has improved a lot since then As a result of mass awareness and conservation measures; a Tiger population has rebounded showing remarkable growth of 30% in the past three years.
Union environment and forest minister Prakash Javadekar, released the new tiger census report and termed it as a Success story for all of us. It is a matter of pride that while tiger population is falling in the world, it is rising in India. We can now proudly say that most of the tigers in the world are presently residing in India. We must feel proud of our legacy that 70 percent of world’s tigers are now in India. To complete this huge success story around 9,735 cameras were used in the estimation and applying the refined methodology of doubling sampling that has recorded an increase in cat’s population. He stated that never before such an exercise has been taken on large scale where we have collected unique photographs of 80% of the Indian tiger.
National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) carries out the tiger census after a gap of every three years in the country. If we look to the 2011 tiger census figure, the tiger population was estimated as 1,706 (i.e. fluctuating between a range of 1,571 to 1,875). This was the result published by the forest department from 17 states having major tiger population.
Karnataka being the most fortunate state has the highest number of tigers between the age group of 1.5 years and more, stated in the latest census. The state is now blessed with the 408 tigers in that age group whereas 340 tigers in the reserved forests of Uttarakhand , 308 tigers in Madhya Pradesh, 229 in Tamil Nadu, 190 in Maharashtra, 167 in Assam, 136 in Kerala and 117 tigers in Uttar Pradesh. [Times of India]